In 2013, PNP adopted a 3-level defense system which consists of intelligence, target-hardening or increasing security at vital installations and establishments, and incident management.
Terror level 3 has previously been declared in Metro Manila after the 2000 Rizal Day bombing of the LRT Line 1, according to Albayalde.
He said the alert level should not alarm the public as it was only declared as a preventive measure against likely attacks by terrorist groups.
The 2013 Revised PNP Operational Procedures manual provides that during bombing attacks and explosions perpetrated by terrorists, the Inter-Agency Protocol on Explosives and Related Incidents investigation among the PNP, military, National Bureau on Investigation, and Philippine Coast Guard shall be strictly followed.

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